ancient town of Zhouzhuang is in Kunshan City, between Shanghai and Suzhou.
It is known as the No. 1 Water Town in China, and it is rich in produce.
The ancient town of Zhouzhuang is in Kunshan
City, between Shanghai and Suzhou. It is known as the No. 1 Water Town
in China, and it is rich in produce. Zhouzhuang abounds in waterways,
and boats are a must. The town feares a waterscape typical of the regions
south of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River, with houses built along the rivers
and streams. Thanks to these waterways, the town avoided the chaos caused
by wars in the past dynasties, and its architectural layout from the Ming
(1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties has remained intact.
rivers and streams in Zhouzhuang crisscross in the form of the Chinese
character jing (??) and are spanned by 14 stone-arch bridges from the
Yuan (1271-1368), Ming, and Qing Dynasties. The water, streets, bridges,
houses, trees, and sailboats blend into a harmonious whole, affording
a simple, leisurely life for the residents. "Mount Huangshan has a concentration
of the enchanting beauty of Chinese mountains, and Zhouzhuang is the epitome
of beautiful waters," said Wu Guanzhong, a great master of traditional
Chinese painting. pitome of beautiful waters," said Wu Guanzhong, a great
master of traditional Chinese painting. Zhouzhuang also has a rich cultural
heritage. The Shuangqiao, Fu'an, and Zhenfeng bridges show the town's
unique bridge culture. The house of the Zhang fily, where a boat can enter
through the front gate and sail past in the courtyard; the splendid residence
of Shen Wansan, a wealthy man of the Ming Dynasty; the Milou Pavilion
where the poet Liu Yazi chanted poetry while drinking wine; and the teahouse
that San Mao, a writer from Taiwan, felt emotionally attached to- all
contribute to the cultural flavor of the town.
Mao, a writer from Taiwan, felt emotionally attached to- all contribute
to the cultural flavor of the town. In 1998, Zhouzhuang was included in
the supplementary list of World Cultural Heritages by UNESCO. In 2000,
the United Nations Center foruman Settlement awarded Zhouzhuang with the
Best Example Prize of the Dubai International Living Environmental Improvement
man Settlement awarded Zhouzhuang with the Best Example Prize of the Dubai
International Living Environmental Improvement Conference.
In 1984, an oil painting inspired by Zhouzhuang
won critical acclaim in the United States. Armand Hammer, chairman the
board of the Occidental Petroleum Corporation of the United States, bought
the painting, Remembrance of My Hometown by Chen Yifei, and presented
it to Deng Xiaoping on a visit to China. Afterwards, the world became
aware of the beauty of Zhouzhuang, and the town became a tourist attraction.
Zhouzhuang was among the first batch of China's AAAA scenic resorts. Today,
it is a noted scenic spot on the eastern China tourist route, one of China's
16 recommended routes for visitors. The number of touris going to Zhouzhuang
registers an annual increase of 30 percent, and in 2000, the town received
more than 1.5 million tourist/times and earned 420 million yuan from tourism.
going to Zhouzhuang registers an annual increase of 30 percent, and in
2000, the town received more than 1.5 million tourist/times and earned
420 million yuan from tourism.
June 6, 2001, Zhouzhuang hosted the Informal Trade Ministerial Conferencef
the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Trade ministers from the 21 member
economies saw the integration of old and modern China in Shanghai and
Zhouzhuang. "The meeting lasted for two days," said Long Yongtu, vice
minister of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Economic Cooperation and Trade.
"It was held for one and a half days in Shanghai and the remaining
half day in Zhouzhuang."
"The arrangement was meant to show how a nation
can keep its traditi ons alongside today's trend of economic globalization
Long continued. "Shanghai represented the modern side of China, and Zhouzhuang
showed that a nation can maintain its culture, tradition, and values while
participating in the drive of economic globalization and opening to the
Shuangqiao Bridge in Zhouzhuang.
nanmu wood windows and doors on the stone boat.
by the waterside. The railings are made of bamboo and stones.
of Zhouzhuang's waterways.
lane paved with stone slabs on a rainy day.